The first major change in settlement patterns was the accumulation of hunter-gatherers into villages many thousand years ago.
As against this, there may be alienation issues, stress, increased cost of living, and negative social aspects that result from mass marginalization.
Though the pace of urbanization comodo personal firewall for windows 7 gained momentum in the post-Independence era, lack of employment opportunities has been a drive behind the urbanization.
Urbanization means shifting of rural population to urban areas.Urbanization is relevant to a range of disciplines, including geography, sociology, economics, urban planning, and public health.38 Changing forms edit Different forms of urbanization can be classified depending on the style of architecture and planning methods as well as historic growth of areas.Previous, next, urbanization Pdf -Types,Problems, Solution,Govt Plans-IAS Mains.Michael Lipton, author of urban bias theory 44 Most of the urban poor in developing countries unable to find work, can spend their lives in insecure, poorly paid jobs.Economic effect edit As cities develop, effects can include a dramatic increase and change in costs, often pricing the local working class out of the market, including such functionaries as employees of the local municipalities.Retrieved b "Urbanization, gender and urban poverty:Paid work and unpaid carework in the city".Rural flight is a contributing factor to urbanization.In rural areas, often on small family farms or collective farms in villages, it has historically been difficult to access manufactured goods, though the relative overall quality of life is very subjective, and may certainly surpass that of the city.We are losing what we call Thai-ness, the values of being kind, helping each other, having mercy and gratefulness.The mix of changing environmental conditions and the growing population of urban regions, according to UN experts, will strain basic sanitation systems and health care, and potentially cause a humanitarian and environmental disaster.
39 In India the prevalence of diabetes in urban areas appears to be more than twice as high as in rural areas.